As a result of damaging the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, decrease visual acuity. It is an important reason at risk of glaucoma, a group of eye conditions, lead to the fluid pressure and the cause of loss the eyesight. The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain.The primary risk factor is age, with the incidence increasing significantly after the age of 40.However, certain types of glaucoma, such as congenital glaucoma or secondary glaucoma, can occur in infants, children, or younger adults.
There are a few types od the disease:
The first type is most common and occurs when the drainage angle in the eye becomes less efficient over time. It is a result of gradual increasing of eye pressure. This type develops slowly and often has no early symptoms, making regular eye exams crucial for early detection.
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Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the iris bulges forward, blocking the drainage angle and causing a sudden increase in eye pressure. This type is also known as closed-angle or narrow-angle glaucoma and requires immediate medical attention as it can cause rapid vision loss and intense eye pain.
The primary goal treatment preventing optic nerve damage. Medicated eye drops are commonly prescribed to reduce eye pressure. These drops decrease the production of fluid in the eye or improving its drainage. It can slow down optic nerve damage.
Regular eye exams and early detection are crucial for managing glaucoma effectively. Treatment options may include laser therapies or surgical procedures, depending on the severity and type of glaucoma. Surgical interventions may be recommended when other treatments are ineffective. Early detection, proper treatmentand ongoing care can preserve vision and prevent further damage.